In order to reserve a domain name in a gTLD, a domain name registrant must first of all register it with an ICANN-accredited registrar. The registrar will then do the domain search availability to check if the domain name is available and create a WHOIS record with the domain name registrant’s information. There is also the possibility to register domain names through a registrar’s resellers.
This article will give you some hosting tips and definitions related to the domain name registration process.
A domain name registrant is the organization or person who has registered the domain name or intending to register it. In order to complete this process, the domain name registrant will usually apply online to a domain registrar or one of their resellers. The domain name registrant should agree the terms and conditions of the registrar with which it registers its domain name, for example registry against any legal or civil action taken as a result of use of the domain name, adhering to a certain code of conduct or indemnifying and indemnifying the registrar. Domain name registrants have a set of responsibilities that are mentioned in these terms and conditions, for instance payment of registration fees and submission and timely update of accurate data.
In addition to registering the domain name, domain name registrants should make sure that their domain names listed on name servers in order for that domain name to be reachable on the Internet. A domain name registrant is responsible for procuring or hosting his or her own name server if the registrar does not offer this service or he or she has opted out of the registrar’s service.
In some cases, a person or organization who does not wish to have their information listed in WHOIS may contract with a proxy service provider to register domain names on their behalf. In this case, the service provider is the domain name registrant, not the end customer.
Registrars are organizations accredited by ICANN and certified by the registries to sell domain names. They are bound by the Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) with ICANN, and by their agreements with the registries. The RAA defines responsibilities for the registrar, these responsibilities include submission of data to registries, maintenance of WHOIS data, facilitating public WHOIS queries, complying with RAA conditions relating to the conclusion of the domain name registration period and ensuring domain name registrants details are escrowed.
Some domain name registrants may opt to register through a reseller. These companies or organizations are under contract or affiliated with registrars, and usually offer other services such as email mailboxes, web hosting, etc.
While the registrars are responsible for conducting the day-to-day business of selling domain name registrations, registries are responsible for maintaining the registry for each TLD. They are responsible for accepting registration requests, maintaining a database of the necessary domain name registration data and providing name servers to the information about the location of a domain name throughout the Internet.
— TalkersCode (@TalkersCode) 15 de julio de 2017